Brian O’Doherty, the Irish-born polymath renowned for his influential art criticism and for his pseudonymously produced write-up-Minimalist and Conceptual artwork putting agency with the viewer, has died at the age of ninety-4. His death was announced by his New York gallery, Simone Subal. O’Doherty’s groundbreaking three-section essay “Inside the White Cube,” which initially appeared in the internet pages (and on the address) of Artforum’s March 1976 issue, remains vital reading through right now. In the essay, contained in the 1976 volume Inside of the White Dice: The Ideology of the Gallery Place, O’Doherty argues that the spare white walls of business art spaces have outlined modern day artwork as a great deal as the is effective that occupy them. O’Doherty in this article coined the conditions “white cube” and “alternative space,” both equally in wide use nowadays.
Brian O’Doherty was born Could 4, 1928, in Ballaghdereen, Ireland. As a young person, he examined medication at College College Dublin in advance of relocating on to postgraduate perform at Cambridge University and Harvard University of General public Health, from which he obtained his master’s degree in science. While doing work at a Boston cancer ward in 1957, he auditioned for a gig as an arts interviewer at Boston general public tv station WGBH. He got the task, taking around from art historian Barbara Novak (whom he would afterwards go on to marry, and who survives him). In his new ability, he interviewed this sort of artwork-earth giants as Josef Albers, Marc Chagall, and Walter Gropius.
For the duration of the 1960s, he assumed the part of arts critic at the New York Periods he would go on to perform as an editor for Artwork in The usa and as an on-air artwork critic for NBC. Just after evening meal 1 evening in 1966, O’Doherty recorded the heartbeat of Marcel Duchamp, his idol, for a get the job done he called Portrait of Marcel Duchamp. In 1967, he commissioned French literary theorist Roland Barthes to compose his foundational essay “Death of the Author” for a unique edition of Aspen magazine. He would go on to provide as director to start with of the visible arts plan and then of the media arts program at the Nationwide Endowment of the Arts. In the latter part, he created the very long-functioning public television sequence American Masters (named for his 1973 quantity of criticism) and Wonderful Performances. Not a single to limit himself to the realm of criticism, O’Doherty was also a novelist his 1999 e book The Deposition of Father McGreevy was nominated for the Gentleman Booker Prize. Other novels involved The Odd Circumstance of Mademoiselle P. (1992) and The Crossdresser’s Mystery (2014).
In the course of the many years, concurrent with his perform as a writer, O’Doherty constantly produced artwork. In 1972, responding to the Bloody Sunday murders by British soldiers of Irish nationals in Derry, O’Doherty began building function beneath the moniker Patrick Ireland. As Ireland he loved a thriving and sustained vocation, creating functions encouraged by his homeland as well as all those that centered the expertise of the viewer. His “Rope Drawings” collection, begun in 1973, for case in point, offered a way of navigating the gallery. “Most customers of the community are not utilised to partaking with an artwork,” he informed Artforum in 2015. “I’ve noticed men and women wander previous the excellent Poussins at the Louvre. The best viewer functions with a piece and develops a specified romance to it. As an artist, when you are putting in a perform, you’re hunting for the ideal viewing level for this perfect viewer.”
In 2008, in recognition of the warmed relations concerning England and Ireland, he symbolically buried his Patrick Ireland persona at the Irish Museum of Fashionable Artwork, Dublin. Thereafter, he resumed generating get the job done less than his very own title.
On turning ninety in 2018, O’Doherty was feted with 3 institutional exhibitions in Eire: a mini-retrospective at Dublin’s IMMA, a a few-thirty day period screening of his movie, online video, and television operates at the Crawford Art Gallery in Cork and, at Sirius Arts Centre in close by Cobh, the exhibition of his freshly restored 1995–96 space-measurement perform, a sequence of nine vividly hued interconnected murals centering the ancient Irish Ogham script.
“I am now a saint,” he instructed Frieze in 2018. “I was canonized in Cork. This is my supreme narcissistic moment, in which my religion in myself is absolutely justified communally.”
O’Doherty’s do the job is held in the collections of big establishments all around the world, which include the Seattle Artwork Museum the Hirschhorn Museum and Sculpture Yard, the National Gallery of Artwork, the Nationwide Museum of American Artwork, and the Smithsonian Establishment, all in Washington, DC the Metropolitan Museum of Artwork, New York Dublin Metropolis Gallery, the Hugh Lane and the Irish Museum of Present day Artwork, both in Dublin and the Centre Pompidou, Paris.
“I constantly observed multiplicity available to all people and tremendously unused by everyone,” O’Doherty told Frieze when questioned about the range of his job. “I deeply feel men and women are able of considerably more than the one particular position they assign to on their own. There is a lot extra that people today can do.”